A report of the American Women’s Hospital Service hospitals in Neufmotiers and Luzancy, France, written by Dr. Barbara Hunt, director of the AWH, and describing the conditions of the areas surrounding the hospital. The American Women's Hospitals (AWH) developed from the War Service Committee of the Medical Women's National Association (later, American Medical Women's Association) in 1917 to provide, register, and finance American women physicians in order to aid those affected by World War I and provide medical and emergency relief to refugees. Dr. Barbara Hunt was the first director of the American Women’s Hospitals. She oversaw the operations of the first hospital in Neufmotiers, France from its opening on July 28, 1918, and assisted with the move to Luzancy, where she continued her work until November 1918.
Why It Matters
AWH provided the only relief work for World War I-era France organized and carried out by American women physicians. The doctors filled a void left by local (male) doctors, who were serving in the army, and treated not just injured soldiers, but cared for the civilians, often providing preventative treatments and much-needed, long-awaited surgeries.
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Analyze this evidence
- What are the biggest challenges faced by AWH personnel in France?
- How did the signing of the armistice change the conditions in which AWH operated?