Doctor or Doctress?

Explore American history through the eyes of women physicians

Woman's medical journal / Medical woman's journal
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Woman's medical journal / Medical woman's journal

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Eliza Grier and Matilda Evans: Two Women, Two Paths

The Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania (WMCP), founded in 1850, graduated its first African American woman physician, Rebecca Cole, in 1867.  By 1906 the college had graduated at least twelve African American women.  The path of these early African American women physicians was often marked by financial struggle and racial and gender discrimination, starting with their medical education and continuing throughout their professional careers.

As students, the women faced both subtle and overt racial prejudice from fellow students, professors, and the public. Once they graduated, they faced both racial and gender discrimination while establishing their professional careers.  The article on pages 138-139 in this issue of Woman’s Medical Journal, entitled, “Opportunities for Medical Women as Internes: The Colored Medical Woman Interne,” advocates for equal opportunity for women internes, regardless of race.

Language: english

Item Number: AHE5_wmj045

Size: 20x28.5

Physical Collection: ACC-AHE5

Cite this source: Title of document, date. Eliza Grier and Matilda Evans: Two Women, Two Paths. Doctor or Doctress?: Explore American history through the eyes of women physicians. The Legacy Center, Drexel University College of Medicine Archives & Special Collections. Philadelphia, PA. Date of access. http://lcdc.library.drexel.edu/islandora/object/islandora:971

Interns (Medicine)

Women in medicine

Women's health services

Immunization

Pregnancy

Infants--Mortality