Doctor or Doctress?

Explore American history through the eyes of women physicians

Portrait of Edith Flower Wheeler who was a member of the class of 1897. 26 individual portraits printed together.

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Eliza Grier and Matilda Evans: Two Women, Two Paths

The Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania (WMCP), founded in 1850, graduated its first African American woman physician, Rebecca Cole, in 1867.  By 1906 the college had graduated at least twelve African American women.  The path of these early African American women physicians was often marked by financial struggle and racial and gender discrimination, starting with their medical education and continuing throughout their professional careers.  As students, the women faced both subtle and overt racial prejudice from fellow students, professors, and the public. Once they graduated, they faced both racial and gender discrimination while establishing their professional careers.

Edith Flower Wheeler was a member of the 1897 graduating class, along with Eliza Grier and Matilda Evans.

Creator: Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania

Language: english

Item Number: p2971e

Pages: 1

Size: 31.9 x 24.1

Physical Collection: Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania: Photograph Collection. 1850-present. (ACC-AHC1), ACC-AHC1

Link to OPAC Record:

Cite this source: Title of document, date. Eliza Grier and Matilda Evans: Two Women, Two Paths. Doctor or Doctress?: Explore American history through the eyes of women physicians. The Legacy Center, Drexel University College of Medicine Archives & Special Collections. Philadelphia, PA. Date of access.

Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania--Students

Wheeler, Edith Flower

Philadelphia (Pa.)